Provider: Tasmanian Government
Year Opened: 1828
Year Closed: 1879
AKA The Queen’s Orphanage, Kings Orphan Schools.
The first Children’s Homes for the orphaned, destitute and neglected children of Van Diemen’s Land began in 1828 with the establishment of the ‘somewhat Dickensian’ government-run King’s Orphan Schools. Agitation by Benevolent Societies in the 1850s and 1860s over the many street children known as ‘City Arabs’ resulted in two Acts in 1867 which enabled the establishment of training schools for young offenders, and industrial schools for homeless, destitute, or orphan children.
The Industrial Schools’ Act and the Training Schools’ Act of Parliament was amended to enable children `found to be begging, vagrant, in the company of reputed thieves, orphaned, deserted or declared Uncontrollable’ to be admitted into the Boys’ or Girls’ Industrial Schools, or in the cause of offenders, the Training Schools, or Reformatories as they became known. The Industrial Schools were intended for children 10 years and over.
Until the establishment of the Boys’ Training School in 1869, delinquents as young as eight or nine commonly went to gaol. After half a century of providing mass care for children, the government orphanage closed in 1879, unlamented. Numbers had dropped since 1862 with the introduction of outdoor relief to some families, and the Boarding-Out Scheme as an alternative to institutional care. Efforts were now being made to keep siblings together in foster homes and to apprentice them near each other in service employment, and the antiquated approach of the King’s Orphan Schools was out of touch with ‘more modern’ social standards.
CLAN Homes – Orphanages Gallery
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CLAN Museum Gallery
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CLAN library books where this Home is mentioned include:
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